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2021PMP考試單元測試二進入閱讀模式

2021PMP考試單元測試二 進入閱讀模式 點我咨詢

2021-02-25 11:12:18| 來源:PMP培訓

1. As the project manager on a software development project, your organization typically breaks up software projects four smaller phases: requirements, design and development, quality assurance, and implementation. This is an example of:

作為軟件開發項目的項目經理,您的組織通常將軟件項目分成四個較小的階段:需求、設計

和開發、質量保證和實現。這是一個( )例子:

A. A work breakdown schedule

工作分解時間表

B. A functional organization

職能組織

C. Progressive elaboration

漸進明細

D. A project life cycle

項目生命周期



2.The project manager working in a balanced matrix organization realizes that maintaining team

cohesiveness, motivation, and performance is critical to the project's success. Which of the

following skill sets should be used to manage this type of organization?

在項目經理在一個平衡矩陣式組織工作,他意識到保持團隊凝聚力、激勵和績效對項目成功

至關重要。管理這種類型的組織應使用下列哪一項技巧?

A.The ability to influence team members not directly reporting to the project manager

影響那些不直接向項目經理匯報的團隊成員的能力

B.The ability to understand the various responsibilities of all team members

了解出全體團隊成員不同職責的能力

C.The ability to respond to the different motivations of team members

給與團隊成員不同激勵的能力

D. The ability to negotiate conflict between team members

協調團隊成員之間沖突的能力



3. Performing the initiating processes at the start of each phase helps focus the project on:

在每個階段開始時執行啟動過程有助于將項目集中在:

A. Potential risks that should be identified

應查明的潛在風險

B. Additional requirements for the project

項目的額外要求

C. The business need for the project

項目的商業需要

D. Procurement items that may be needed in the phase

階段中可能需要的采購項目



4. Due to significant cost overruns, the steering committee terminates the project. The stakeholders do not agree with the decision, because they believe the true value of the project objectives cannot be measured in monetary terms. The steering committee chairperson asks the project manager to prepare a lessons learned presentation for a joint meeting of the key stakeholders, the sponsor, and the steering committee. The chairperson expects this activity will reduce the tension among the departments. The project manager must travel to corporate headquarters to give the presentation. What should the project manager update?

由于顯著的成本超支,督導委員會終止該項目。項目干系人不同意這個決定,因為他們相信項目目標的真正價值不能用金錢來衡量。督導委員會主席要求項目經理準備經驗教訓并在由主要利益相關者,贊助商,及督導委員會組成的聯席會議上做展示。主席預計這項活動將減少各部門之間的緊張關系。項目經理必須到公司總部給演示。項目經理該如何準備?

A. Project scope statement

項目范圍說明書

B. Risk management plan

風險管理計劃

C. Organizational process assets

組織過程資產

D. Project management plan

項目管理計劃


參考答案:

1. 答案:D。A project life cycle is a series of phases that a project passes through.

2. 答案:D,通過開放和有效的溝通、在團隊成員中建立信任、以建設性方式管理沖突,以及鼓勵合作型的問題解決和決策制定方法,可以實現團隊的高效運行。此題選擇最佳答案,題干當中說明這是一個平衡矩陣,首先要排除掉選項 AC,平衡矩陣型組織雖然承認全職項目經理的必要性,但并未授權其全權管理項目和項目資金。

3. 答案:c,A), B), and D) are all planning processes.

4. 答案:C,題干中,明顯指出需要準備的會議材料為經驗教訓,則應當迅速判斷經驗教訓會存檔在何種文檔中,由此判斷應當選擇組織過程資產:任何或全部與過程相關的資產,來自任一或所有參與項目的組織,可用于幫助項目成功。這些過程資產包括正式和非正式的計劃、政策、程序和指南。過程資產還包括組織的知識庫,如經驗教訓和歷史信息。

(責任編輯:張鳳嬌)

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